“Why of Inclusion”

3-Part Series Dashboard


Get Julie's YOUR SCHOOL’S INCLUSION QUOTIENT (IQ) and measure of your school’s “IQ”.

Part 1 Resources
The definition of inclusion [pdf]
The stairs don't go anywhere chapter [pdf]
Jonathan Mooney Normal Sucks [website]
Norman Kunc [website]
Conversation (Q&A) with Otto Lana [YouTube]
Inspirational eBook with Otto's advice to paraprofessionals [pdf]
Podcast from Synergy Autism Center on presuming positive intent [link]
Winnie the Pooh activity (including PPT slides) [YouTube]

Legal & Policy Reasons

  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA 2004) [link]
  • Major LRE cases – summary of five LRE cases [link]; State resources [WI link]
  • WrightsLaw resources [link]
  • The Roncker Portability Test [link]

Fun factThe Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is not actually a civil rights law the way that the American with Disabilities Act (ADA) is. Rather, the IDEA is spending clause legislation that dictates what states must do to maintain federal funding. Therefore, states only need to adhere to the IDEA if they take federal funds. Since the IDEA went into effect, all states have accepted federal funding and thus all have had to adhere.

Research Reasons

  • Research about inclusion from Inclusive Schooling [link]
  • Seven essential research  studies on inclusive education [link]
  • Seven more studies on inclusive education [link]

Fun factDid you know there’s not one quantitative research study, since research began on the topic, that shows an academic advantage for students with intellectual disabilities in separate settings?

Personal Reasons

  • Dr. Julie Causton of Inclusive Schooling's conversation with Brianna [podcast]
  • Barb Avila from Synergy Autism Center's conversation with Jonathan Chase [podcast]

Inspiration from Janice Fialka (Micah's mom): “Micah, you know people weren’t upset with just Rosa Parks sitting down on the bus. They could take one Rosa Parks. They just didn’t want all African-Americans sitting on the bus and going to schools and having the equal rights. It’s about who comes after Rosa Parks.”

Social Justice Reasons

  • Does self-contained special education deliver on its promises? A critical inquiry into research and practice [pdf]
  • Keynote address at the 2019 Early Childhood Inclusion Summit in Reno, NV delivered by Will Jensen, Director of the Office of Inclusive Education, Nevada Department of Education [YouTube]

Inspirational quote“Progress does not take place like a shot out of a pistol; it takes the labor and suffering of the negative. How to use the negative as a way to advance the positive is our challenge.” ~ Grace Lee Boggs

Part 2 Resources
Presuming Competence – Article [pdf]
Autism World [video]
Recommended book “Out of my mind” [link to goodreads review]
Inclusive Schooling: Are We There Yet? – Article [pdf]
Part 3 Resources

Google FORM to submit additional questions/concerns [link]
The Cascades – Riding Shotgun #17 [video]

Co-Teaching Resources from the book – 30 Days to the Co-Taught Classroom (check with Laura to see if you'll be receiving a copy)

Suggested reading/resources related to inclusion

  • Normal Sucks [link]
  • We Want to Do More Than Survive [link]
  • Joyful Learning [link]
  • The End of Average [link]
  • Julie's publications through Brookes Publishing [link]
  • Julie Causton's podcast and blog
  • Kristie Pretti-Frontczak's podcast and blog
  • Shelley Moore's suggested reading list [link]
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Sponsored and Facilitated By

Julie Causton Ph.D.

Dr. Julie Causton is a passionate expert, author, and teacher in the area of inclusive and special education. As a Syracuse University professor, elementary, middle and high school teacher herself, Julie has experienced firsthand the positive outcomes of inclusion. This work lead her to found Inclusive Schooling. As the CEO of Inclusive Schooling, Julie, offers interactive large group presentations, motivational online courses, hands-on workshops, and more to administrators, educators and parents interested in inclusive school reform, inclusive teacher training, collaboration, humanistic behavioral supports, lesson planning, and providing invisible adult supports. Julie believes that disability is simply a form of diversity and helps schools to create strength based inclusive systems where every individual can reach their full academic and social potential. As a prominent educational researcher, Causton has published over 30 articles in academic journals and has written six books for school teams about the most innovative theories and practices in inclusive education.  These books and articles are utilized across the country to teach and support pre-service and in-service educators and administrators. With her newest title, The Too Much Unicorn, Julie hopes to continue to empower children directly to joyfully, stylishly, and confidently embrace their own beauty. Julie lives in New York with her wife and two awesome kids.

Jenna Mancini Rufo, Ph.D.

Dr. Jenna Mancini Rufo is a consultant for Inclusive Schooling with a wealth of special education and leadership experience from K-12 public education. Currently an Assistant Superintendent, Jenna has also served as a Director of Special Education and Student Services, an inclusion facilitator, a special education teacher, and a policy specialist for the Massachusetts Department of Education.

Jenna’s passion for inclusion was ignited by growing up with her sister, Nina, who has significant disabilities. Throughout her career, Jenna has been a strong advocate for inclusive education and has brought inclusion from theory to implementation in the systems in which she has served. Jenna provides professional development to school district staff, and especially enjoys working with administrative teams looking to lead systems change.

Jenna lives in Pennsylvania with her husband, two elementary-aged children, and two black cats. She is happiest when spending time with her family and enjoying the beach!


Get Julie's YOUR SCHOOL’S INCLUSION QUOTIENT (IQ) and measure of your school’s “IQ”.